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初一英语复习资料详细

发布日期:2015年11月24日
Unit 1 Where’s your pen pal from?
一、词组
be from= come form 来自...
pen pal=pen friend 笔友
like and dislike 好恶;爱憎
live in….在...居住
speak English 讲英语
play sports 做体育运动
a little French 一些法语
go to the movies 去看电影
an action movie 一部动作片
on weekends 在周末
Excuse me 对不起,打扰
get to 到达、抵达
beginning of 在...开始的时候
at the end of 在...结束的时候
二、句型
(1)、Where主 +be+主语+from? 主语+be+from+地点.
(2)、Where do/does+主语+live? 主语+live/lives in…
(3)、What language do/does +主语+speak? 主语+speak/speaks….
(4)、主语+like/likes+doing…
三、日常交际用语
1-Where is your pen pal from? -He’s from China.
2-Where does she live? --She lives in Tokyo.
3-Does she speak English? -Yes, she does/No, she doesn’t.
4-Is that your new pen pal? -Yes,he is /No,he isn’t.
5-What language does she speak? -She speaks English.
Unit 2 Where’s the post office
一、词组 post office 邮局
pay phone 投币式公用电话
next to 在...隔壁
across from 在...对面
in front of 在...前面
between…and… 在...和...之间
on a street 在街上
in the neighborhood 在附近
on the right/left 在右边/在左边
on one’s right/left 在某人的右边/左边
turn right/left 向右/左转
take a walk 散步
have fun 玩得开心
the way to …去...的路
take a taxi 打的/乘出租车
go down(along)…沿着...走
go through...穿过...
have a good trip 旅途愉快
二、句型
(1)、Is there a bank near here? Yes, there is .It’s on Centre Street. No,there isn’t.
(2)、Where’s the sumpermarket? It’s next to the library.
(3)、Bridge Street is a good place to have fun.
(4)、I hope you have a good trip.
(5)、If you are hungry,you can buy food in the restaurant.
(6)、Talk a walk though the park..
(7)、enjoy后接名词或动词-ing形式. Do you enoy(=like) your work? Do you enjoy(=like) living in the city?
三、日常交际用语
(1)、Is there a ….?句型E.g. -Excuse me.Is there a hotel in the neighborhood. -Yes, there is. No.there isn’t
(2)、Where is …?句型Eg: -Where is the park, please? -It’s behind the bank. (肯定回答) -I’m sorry I don’t know. (否定回答)
(3)、Which is the way to +地点? 句型.例如: - Which is the way to the library.
(4)、How can I get to +地点?句型.例如: -How can I get to the restaurant?
(5)、Can you tell me the way to +地点?句型.例 - Can you tell me the way to the post office? (6)、Let me tell you the way to my house.
(7)、Just go straight and turn left.
Unit 3 Why do you like koalas?
一、词组
want to do sth .想要做某事
want sb to do sth 想要某做某事
want sth 想要某物
Let sb do sth 让某人做某事
kind of 有几分\种类
a kind of 一种…
…years old …年龄 如:ten years old 十岁
like to do sth 喜欢做某事
like doing sth play with … 与...一起玩
be quiet 安静
during the day 在白天
at night 在夜间
have a look at.. 看...
one…the other 一个...另一个...
二、句型
(1)、-why do you like pandas? -Because they’re very cure.
(2)、-Why dose he like koalas? -Because they are kind of interesting.
(3)、-Where are lions from? -Lions are from South Africa.
(4)、-What animals do you like? -I like elephants.
三、日常交际用语
(1)、-Let’s see the lions.
(2)-Why do you want to see the lions? -Becase they are very cute.
(3)-Do you like giraffes? Yes,I do./ No,I don’t
(4)-What other animal do you like? _I like dogs.too other+ 名词的复数.表示没有特定的数量范围 the other+名词的复数表示有特定的数量范围.
(5)-Why are you looking at me? -Because you are very cute.
(6)-Let us play games. –Great! Let me see.
Unit 4 I want to be an actor.
一、词组
want to be+职业 想要成为。。。
shop assistant 店员
bank clerk 银行职员
work with 与。。。一起工作
work hard 努力工作
work for 为。。。而工作
work as 作为。。而工作
get.. from…从。。。获得。。。
give sth.to.sb /give.sb.sth 把某物给某人 
at night 在夜间
talk to /with 与…讲话
go out to dinners 外出吃饭
in a hospital 在医院
newspaper reporter 报社记者
movie actor 电影演员
二、句型
(1)-What do/does+某人+do? 例:-What do you do?-I’m a student. -What dose he do? He’s a teacher.
(2)-What do/does+某人+want to be? 例:What do you want to be?-I want to be a teacher. -What does she want to be? She wants to be a nuser.
(3)-Where does your sister work? -She works in a hospital.
(4)-Does he work in the hospiat Yes.he does/No,he doesn’t
(5)-Does she work late? -Yes,she does/No.she doesn’t
(6)-英语中询问职业的几种表达方式: What do/does …do? What is…? What is your father? What’s one’s job?例:What’s your father’s job?
Unit 5 I’m watching TV.
一、词组
do homework 做家庭作业
watch TV 看电视
eat dinner 吃饭;就餐
clean the room 打扫房间
read newspaper/a book 看报纸/看书
go to the movies 看电影
write a letter 写信
wait for 等待;等候
talk about 谈论。。。。
play basketball/soccer/ 打篮球/踢足球
take photos 拍照 TV show 电视节目
Some of。。。 。。。中的一些
a photo of my family school 在学校
be with 和。。。一起
in the tree 在树上
二、句型
(1)-What+be+主语+doing? ….正在做什么? -主语+be+doing。。。 …正在做某事。 例: -what are you doing? -I’m doing my homework.
(2)-Thanks for … 为。。。而感谢 例:Thanks for your letter.
(3)-Here are/is… 例:Here are some of my photos. Here is a photo of my family.
(4)-That sounds good.
(5)-This TV show is boring.
三、日常交际用语
(1)-Do you want to go to the movices? –Sure.
(2)-When do you want to go? –Let’s go at seven.
(3)-Where do people play basketball? –At school.
(4)-What’s he waiting for?-He’s waiting for a bus.
(5)-What’s he reading? He’s reading a newspaper.
1)现在在进行时的形式是: 助动词be(am,is,are)+动词-ing形式(也叫现在分词),表示现在(说话的瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作。
2)现在进行时的肯定句形式 主语+be(am,is,are)+动词现在分词+其他 I’m watching TV.
3)现在进行时的否定句形式 主语+be(am,is,are)+not+动词现在分词+其他 They are not playing soccer. 4)现在进行时的一般疑问句形式及回答: Is(am,are)+主语+动词现在分词+其他? Yes,主语+is/am/are. No,主语+isn’t/aren’t/am not. Are you reading? Yes,I am. No,I am not.
5) 现在进行时的特殊疑问句形式: 特殊疑问词+is/am/are+主语+现在分词+其他? 例:What is your brother doing?
6) 动词+ing形式(现在分词)的构成. 1一般情况下在动词词结尾加-ing. 如: eat--eating, do—doing,clean—cleaning, play—playing, 2以不发音的元音字母e结尾的动词,先去掉e再加-ing. 如:take--taking,write—writing,have-having come—coming.dance--dancing 3词尾如果是以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节词.应该先双写这个辅音字母,再加-ing. 如:run—runing,sit—sitting ,swim—swimming. Shop—shopping. put—putting,sit—sitting
Unit 6 It’s raning!
一、词组
Around The World 世界各地
On vacation 度假
Take photos 拍照
On the beach 在海边
a group of people 一群人
play beach volleyball 打沙滩排球
be surprised 惊讶的
be surprised at sth./sb.对某人或某人感到惊讶
in this heat 在酷暑中
be relaxed 放松
have a good time 玩得很痛快
in different kind of weather 在不同的天气里
Thank sb for(doing)sth由于(做)某事而感谢某人
How’s it going? 近况如何
Some…others…一些…另一些…
Look like..看起来像。。。
二、句型/日常交际用语
(1)-How’s the weather(+地点)? –It’s raining?
(2)-What’s the weather like?—It’s sunny./It’s cold and snowing.
(3)-How’s it going? –Great./Not bad.
(4)Thanks you for joining CCTV’s Around The World show?
(5)-Is Aunt Wang there? –Yes,she is/No,she isn’t
Unit 7 What dose he look like?
一、词组
look like 看起来像....
curly /short/straight/long hair 卷/短/直发
medium height/build 中等高度/身体
a little bit 一点儿…
a pop singer 一位流行歌手
wear glasses 戴眼镜
have a new look 呈现新面貌
go shopping 去购物
the captain of the basketball team 篮球队队长
Nobody knows me 没有人认识我
二、句型
1) --What does he look like? --He’s really short.He has short hair.
2) --She has beautiful,long black hair.
3) --I don’t think he’s so great .
4) --What do you look like? I’m tall.I’m thin.
5) --What do they look like?- --They are medium height.
6) --She never stops talking. --Stop doing(sth)表示停止正在干的事. 如:He stop listening --stop to do (sth)表示停下来去做某事 如:He stops to listen.
7)I can go shopping and nobody knows me.
Unit 8 I’d like some noodles.
1.词组
would like 想要
a large/medium/small bowl 大碗/中碗/小碗
what size 什么尺寸
orange juice 桔汁
green tea 绿茶
phone number 电话号码
as well as 而且
what kind of 表示….的种类
a kind of 一种…
some kind of 许多种…
a bowl of rice 一碗米饭
a bottle of orange juice 一瓶桔子汁
three oranges 三个桔子(可数)
a bottle of orange j 一瓶桔子汁(不可数)
some chicken 一些鸡肉(不可数)
three chicken三只小鸡(可数)
二、句型
1)What kind of … would you like? 你想要…? EG:--What kind of noodles would you like? --Beef and tomato noodles.please.
2)We have lare ,medium,and small bowls.
3)I like dumplings,I don’t lkee noodles.
三、日常交际用语
(1)—Can I help you? --I’d like some noodles. please.
(2)--what kind of noodles would you like? --I’d like mutton and potato noodles. Please.
(3)—Would you like a cup fo green tea? --Yes,please./No,thanks would like后面还可以跟不定式.即: A: would like to do.sth.想要做某事. He would like to see you today. B:would like sb.to.do.sth.想要某人做某事 What would you like me to do.
Unit 9 How was yu weekend?